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. 2009 Jan;15(1):84-92.
doi: 10.1002/ibd.20581.

Matrix Metalloproteinases and Their Tissue Inhibitors as Prognostic Indicators for Diagnostic and Surgical Recurrence in Crohn's Disease

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Matrix Metalloproteinases and Their Tissue Inhibitors as Prognostic Indicators for Diagnostic and Surgical Recurrence in Crohn's Disease

Martin J Meijer et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis. .

Abstract

Background: Recurrence of disease after surgically induced remission constitutes a major and largely unpredictable problem in Crohn's disease (CD). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) are involved in the (etio)pathogenesis of CD and may thereby also affect postsurgical outcome. We studied the predictive value of 1) allelic composition at MMP, TIMP, and TNF-alpha single nucleotide polymorphism loci, and 2) MMP and TIMP intestinal protein levels relative to important clinical variables for recurrence of CD after resection of diseased bowel.

Methods: From 87 CD patients with a full medical record, surgically resected tissue was homogenized and analyzed for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotype and MMP-TIMP protein levels. The prognostic value of these parameters was determined using the uni- and multivariate Cox proportional hazards analyses.

Results: The T allele at TIMP-1 SNP +372 T/C was found to be associated with an increased risk for surgical recurrence. Higher levels of TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and MMP-9 in noninflamed CD tissue, but not in inflamed tissue, and negative smoking status independently protected against diagnostic and/or surgical recurrence.

Conclusions: The TIMP-1 SNP +372 T allele with an increased risk of recurrence is in line with our previous results demonstrating increased CD susceptibility and low TIMP-1 protein expression associated with this allele. High TIMP and MMP-9 levels in noninflamed tissue are predictive of a favorable disease recurrence in CD. The contribution of MMP-9 and TIMPs to disease recurrence appears not to be mediated by smoking status, since no correlation with this parameter could be demonstrated.

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