Dietary calcium intake and overweight: an epidemiologic view

Nutrition. Nov-Dec 2008;24(11-12):1110-5. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2008.05.020. Epub 2008 Jul 21.


Objective: We evaluated the relation between overweight and calcium intake in adults living in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional population-based study on a sample of 1459 adults that was obtained by multistage cluster sampling. Dietary intake was measured by the 24-h recall method. Poisson's and linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relation between overweight and quartiles of calcium intake adjusted for energy.

Results: The prevalence of overweight was 43.1% and the average adjusted calcium intake was 448.6 mg. In the linear regression analyses, the regression coefficient for adjusted calcium was significant and negative (P = 0.019, beta(1) = -0.0001). Although evaluated by quartiles, the prevalence ratio for overweight in the first quartile of calcium intake was 1.24 (95% confidence interval 1.00-1.54) and that in the second quartile was 1.24 (95% confidence interval 1.03-1.49).

Conclusion: In the present study, calcium intake showed a significant negative association with body mass index.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Mental Recall
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Overweight / epidemiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult


  • Calcium, Dietary