Purification and characterization of potyvirus helper component

Virology. 1985 Jul 15;144(1):260-7. doi: 10.1016/0042-6822(85)90322-8.


Helper component (HC) was purified from tobacco vein mottling (TVMV)- and potato virus Y (PVY)- infected tobacco plants by sucrose gradient fractionation followed by affinity chromatography on oligo(dT)-cellulose and by gel electrophoresis. The subunit apparent molecular weights (M(r)) of the purified HCs were 53,000 (53K) and 58K for TVMV and PVY, respectively. Antisera to these purified polypeptides specifically blocked the activity of the homologous HC, as determined by aphid transmission assays, and specifically precipitated 75K products of the cell-free translation of the homologous RNA. The molecular weight of undissociated, biologically active TVMV or PVY HC, as determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-gel permeation chromatography was found to be between 100K and 150K, suggesting that the active molecule is a dimer.