Objective: The coexistence of obstructive (OSAS) and central sleep apnoea (CSA) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) is common in patients with and without underlying heart diseases. CPAP has been shown to improve CSA/CSR by about 50%, but recent data suggest maximal suppression of CSA is important in improving clinical outcomes in heart failure patients. Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) effectively suppresses CSA/CSR in heart failure, but only few trials have considered patients with coexisting OSAS and CSA/CSR.
Methods: Prospective, observational pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of a new ASV device, the BiPAP AutoSV, in 10 male consecutive patients with coexisting OSAS and CSA/CSR with and without heart failure over eight weeks. Six had stable heart failure.
Measurements and results: The total AHI improved from 48.9+/-20.6/h to 8.7+/-7.4, the obstructive AHI from 15.8+/-16.2/h to 2.6+/-2.5/h and the central AHI from 33.1+/-10.8/h to 6.1+/-5.9/h (all p<0.01). Furthermore, there was a significant improvement in sleep profile and respiratory related arousals. The six patients with cardiovascular disease, including three with congestive heart failure, showed similar improvements in all parameters.
Conclusions: BiPAP AutoSV was effective in reducing all types of respiratory disturbances in coexisting OSAS and CSA/CSR with and without heart failure. Further studies comparing the long-term clinical efficacy of this device against CPAP are warranted.