Blepharophimosis syndrome (BPES) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the single-exon forkhead transcription factor gene FOXL2 and by genomic rearrangements of the FOXL2 locus. Here, we focus on 92 new intragenic FOXL2 mutations, 34 of which are novel. Specifically, we found 10 nonsense mutations (11%), 13 missense mutations (14%), 40 deletions or insertions leading to a frameshift (43%), and 29 in-frame changes (32%), of which 28 (30%) lead to a polyalanine expansion. This study confirms the existence of two previously described mutational hotspots. Moreover, we gained novel insights in genotype-phenotype correlations, emphasizing the need to interpret genotype-phenotype correlations individually and always in the context of further clinical observations.
(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.