Purpose: To investigate the safety and pharmacokinetics of R(+)XK469, a quinoxaline analogue, in patients with advanced refractory solid tumours. Preclinical studies suggested that efficacy was independent of schedule but that toxicity was decreased by dividing the dose.
Methods: R(+)XK469 was initially administered as a 30 min intravenous infusion on days 1-5 of a 21-d cycle. Based on the demonstration of a long half-life, the dosing schedule was subsequently amended to infusion on days 1, 3 and 5 of a 21-d cycle. An alternate single-dose schedule of once every 21 d was also explored. Blood samples were collected for pharmacokinetic studies.
Results: Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was neutropaenia. There was significant interindividual variability in clearance as evidenced by a coefficient of variation of 46%. A flat-dosing scheme (not based on body surface area) was justified by the absence of correlation between clearance and body surface area. A partial response was observed in a patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Conclusions: The recommended phase II doses are 850-1100 mg/d on days 1, 3 and 5 of a 21-d cycle and 2500 mg on day 1 of a 21-d cycle. The observed interpatient pharmacokinetic variability should prompt investigation into the presence of genetic polymorphism in relevant metabolizing enzymes.