Bronchial and pulmonary arterial and venous interventions

Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Aug;29(4):395-404. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1081282.


With advancement of interventional techniques and increasing complexity of patients, the involvement of interventional radiologists in the pulmonary critical care (PCC) setting has increased in recent years. Particularly, interventional radiologists have evolved to play a significant role in treating patients with vascular pathologies such as massive pulmonary embolism. In this article, we discuss management of these critically ill patients using four pulmonary and bronchial vascular interventional procedures: bronchial artery embolization in the setting of hemoptysis; pulmonary artery embolization in the setting of the treatment of AVM; thrombectomy and thrombolysis of the pulmonary arteries for the treatment of pulmonary embolism; and catheter-directed stent placement in the treatment of superior vena cava syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Bronchial Arteries* / abnormalities
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Hemoptysis / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Artery* / abnormalities
  • Pulmonary Embolism / therapy*
  • Radiography, Interventional*
  • Stents
  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome / therapy*
  • Thrombectomy / methods*
  • Thrombolytic Therapy