Training and 24-hr urinary catecholamine excretion

Int J Sports Med. 2009 Jan;30(1):33-9. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1038758. Epub 2008 Jul 23.


We examined the effects of 28 weeks of training on 24-hr urinary catecholamine excretion and mood (evaluated using the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes RESTQ-Sport) among seven national young female tennis players. Data were collected after a 1-month rest (September, T (1)), 3 months after T1(T2) and 7 months after T1(T3). Standardized Stress and Standardized Recovery scores and RESTQ-Index were computed. The training load increased by 161 % between T1 and T2 and by 55 % between T2 and T3. The performance (wins/total number of matches) decreased throughout the study. Urinary catecholamine excretion presented an U-shaped curve with a significant increase in 24-hr urinary catecholamine excretions, and epinephrine/norepinephrine ratio from T1 to T2 (T1 vs. T2: epinephrine: + 100 %, p < 0.05; norepinephrine: + 30 %, p < 0.05. Then, at T3, urinary catecholamine excretions and the epinephrine/norepinephrine ratio decreased significantly to values lower than the values observed at T1. A decrease in RESTQ-Index throughout the study was mainly based on a large increase in the Standardized Stress score. Changes in specific stress and recovery scales of the RESTQ-Sport for athletes and changes in catecholamine values indicated a state of heavy training stress and incomplete recovery at the end of the study.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Affect
  • Child
  • Epinephrine / urine*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Norepinephrine / urine*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods
  • Physical Exertion / physiology
  • Psychometrics
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tennis / physiology*
  • Tennis / psychology


  • Norepinephrine
  • Epinephrine