Elaboration of a quantitative job-exposure matrix for historical exposure to airborne exposures in the Polish rubber industry

Am J Ind Med. 2008 Nov;51(11):852-60. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20615.


Background: A job-exposure matrix (JEM) for inhalable aerosols, aromatic amines, and cyclohexane soluble matter (CSM) was elaborated based on measurements collected routinely between 1981 and 1996.

Methods: The data were grouped based on similarities in exposure levels and time trends in different departments, and were analyzed using smoothing splines and mixed effects models.

Results: Although higher than in western European countries, inhalable aerosol exposure decreased after changes in production volume and implementation of exposure reduction measures in mid-1980s. Aromatic amines concentrations first increased following the factory's production volume, but subsequently decreased in more recent years. CSM concentrations were uniformly distributed between departments.

Conclusions: This JEM provides an overview of historical exposure levels in a large Polish rubber factory and will enable estimation of lifetime exposure for individual workers in a Polish rubber workers cohort and further investigation of the associations between specific exposures and cancer risk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aerosols / analysis
  • Amines / analysis
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cyclohexanes / analysis
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Humans
  • Industry*
  • Occupational Exposure / analysis*
  • Poland
  • Rubber*


  • Aerosols
  • Amines
  • Cyclohexanes
  • Cyclohexane
  • Rubber