Complete intracranial arterial and venous blood flow evaluation with 4D flow MR imaging

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Feb;30(2):362-6. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A1138. Epub 2008 Jul 24.


Time-resolved, 3D velocity-encoded MR imaging (4D Flow) allows for the acquisition of dynamic, multidirectional data on blood flow and has recently been used for the evaluation of intracranial arterial flow. Using a 3T system with optimization of both temporal resolution and k-space subsampling with a combination of parallel imaging and cut-corner acquisition, we present the clinical assessment of a patient with an arteriovenous malformation by providing complete intracranial arterial and venous coverage in a reasonable scan time.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Technical Report

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis*
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Arteries / physiology*
  • Cerebral Veins / physiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*