Steam gasification of tyre waste, poplar, and refuse-derived fuel: a comparative analysis

Waste Manag. 2009 Feb;29(2):678-89. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2008.06.003. Epub 2008 Jul 25.


In the field of waste management, thermal disposal is a treatment option able to recover resources from "end of life" products. Pyrolysis and gasification are emerging thermal treatments that work under less drastic conditions in comparison with classic direct combustion, providing for reduced gaseous emissions of heavy metals. Moreover, they allow better recovery efficiency since the process by-products can be used as fuels (gas, oils), for both conventional (classic engines and heaters) and high efficiency apparatus (gas turbines and fuel cells), or alternatively as chemical sources or as raw materials for other processes. This paper presents a comparative study of a steam gasification process applied to three different waste types (refuse-derived fuel, poplar wood and scrap tyres), with the aim of comparing the corresponding yields and product compositions and exploring the most valuable uses of the by-products.

MeSH terms

  • Bioelectric Energy Sources*
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Hot Temperature
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Motor Vehicles
  • Populus*
  • Refuse Disposal / methods*
  • Rubber*
  • Steam
  • Wood*


  • Steam
  • Rubber