In 2004, according to socio- demographic criteria and to the improvement in the welfare quality, we incorporated to the portfolio of services of our section a work tool that meant a novel technology; the "telemedicine". The Objective has been to asses the utility of telemedicine in the follow- up of the renal patients, bringing the consultation of nephrology closer to the patient's home as well as the relationship between two welfare levels.
Material and method: Retrospective and descriptive study of the patients with renal pathology treated in the consultation of telenephrology at our hospital in a period of time of 27 months (November 2004-January 2007). Such study is carried out in primary care centers of our sanitary area (4 centers). The general practician (G.P) starts up the system by elaborating a document of derivation to the consultation of "telenephrology". All this information is included in a computerized data base that arrives via "Intranet" at the Hospital. From the consultation of Telenephrology the question is answered in real- time and through a system of videoconference.
Results: A total of 105 first consultations have been made. 52 men and 53 women between 18 and 94 years of age. The diagnoses made in the consultation of Telenephrology have been: HTA (essential and secondary): 90 (85.7%). IRC: 61 (58%). Diabetic Nefropathy: 17 (16%). Renal Polycystic: 3 (2.8%). Urinary Lithiasis: 2 (1.9%). Congenital malformations: 1 (0.95%). Obstructive Nefropathy: 1 (0.95%). Chronic Glomerulonephritis: 6 (5.7%). Urinary infection: 1 (0.95%). Absence of renal pathology: 5 (4.8%). Some of the diagnoses coincide in several patients. The causes of the IRC have been Nephroangioesclerosis: 33. Diabetic Nefropathy: 14. Not drafted: 8. Disease to glomerular: 2. Urinary Lithiasis: 2. Renal Polycystic: 1. Ischemic Nephropathy: 1. 82 out of the 90 patients with HTA had essential arterial hypertension and 8 suffered from secondary HTA. The causes of this were: 5 HTA of parenquimatous renal origin. 2 vasculorrenal HTA and one with a primary hyperaldosteronism. The associated factors of risk to the observed HTA have been: Dyslipemia: 29. Diabetes méllitus: 29. Hyperuricemia: 11. Obesity: 12.
Conclusion: The telecare in nephrology is possible promoting also the approach between two welfare levels, without a decrease in the quality of assistance. That way, we can get a lower number of hospital visits and, subsequently, a saving in sanitary transport as well as in hospital consultations.