Acetylated lysine 56 on histone H3 drives chromatin assembly after repair and signals for the completion of repair

Cell. 2008 Jul 25;134(2):231-43. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.06.035.


DNA damage causes checkpoint activation leading to cell cycle arrest and repair, during which the chromatin structure is disrupted. The mechanisms whereby chromatin structure and cell cycle progression are restored after DNA repair are largely unknown. We show that chromatin reassembly following double-strand break (DSB) repair requires the histone chaperone Asf1 and that absence of Asf1 causes cell death, as cells are unable to recover from the DNA damage checkpoint. We find that Asf1 contributes toward chromatin assembly after DSB repair by promoting acetylation of free histone H3 on lysine 56 (K56) via the histone acetyl transferase Rtt109. Mimicking acetylation of K56 bypasses the requirement for Asf1 for chromatin reassembly and checkpoint recovery, whereas mutations that prevent K56 acetylation block chromatin reassembly after repair. These results indicate that restoration of the chromatin following DSB repair is driven by acetylated H3 K56 and that this is a signal for the completion of repair.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly*
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA, Fungal / metabolism*
  • Histone Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • Histones / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lysine / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism


  • ASF1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Histones
  • LCD1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Rtt109 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Lysine