Purification, structure and immunobiological activity of a water-soluble polysaccharide from the fruiting body of Pleurotus ostreatus

Bioresour Technol. 2009 Jan;100(2):983-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.036. Epub 2008 Jul 29.


The water-soluble polysaccharide (POP), with a molecular mass of 2.4x10(4)Da, was obtained from the fruiting body of Pleurotus ostreatus. Structure features of the purified polysaccharide were investigated by a combination of chemical and instrumental analysis, such as methylation analysis, Smith degradation, GC-MS, (13)C and (1)H NMR and FTIR. The results indicated that the backbone of POP was composed of (1-->6)-linked-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl and (1-->2,6)-linked-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl residues, which were terminated with a single terminal (1-->)-beta-D-glucose residue at the O-2 position of galactosyl along the main chain in the ratio of 1:1:1. Preliminary tests in vitro showed POP is capable of enhancing concanavalin A (ConA)- or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lymphocyte proliferation, which suggested that POP could be a potential immunostimulating agent for use in functional foods or medicine against both pathogens and cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation / physiology*
  • Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Pleurotus / metabolism*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / immunology*
  • Polysaccharides / metabolism
  • Solubility
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Polysaccharides
  • Water