DB56, the Dictyostelium B56 homolog, displayed high sequence homology to other eukaryotic B56 subunits of the PP2A and a specific association with the PP2A catalytic subunit. Cells lacking DB56, psrA(-), displayed higher PP2A phosphatase activity compared with the wild type, approximately 10 hr of delayed expression of ecmA and ecmB prestalk markers, and inefficient culmination. The prespore marker cotB declined as wild-type cells culminate, but no such decline was observed from psrA(-) cells. Interestingly, psrA(-) cells exhibited higher GSK3 kinase activity. Furthermore, the expression of the dominant negative GSK3 mutant (K84/85M) in psrA(-) cells improved both prestalk and prespore expression patterns similarly to wild-type cells. However, culmination was not restored in psrA(-) cells expressing dominant negative GSK3, which suggests that PP2A/DB56 has an extra target during terminal differentiation. This report shows that PP2A/DB56 controls not only metazoan development, but also non-metazoan cell fate decision processes.