Vitamin D in older patients with cancer

Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2008 Aug;12(4):655-62. doi: 10.1188/08.CJON.655-662.


Vitamin D insufficiency has been found to be as high as 75% among community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of published literature focused on the benefits of vitamin D and calcium supplementation in older patients with cancer. Insufficient vitamin D levels may have considerable effects on cancer-related diagnosis and treatment. Patient education should include information concerning vitamin D and calcium administration to reduce falls and injury from falls and enhance functional status. This article will consider the issue of vitamin D levels related to cancer prevention, diagnosis, treatment, functional status, and falls in older patients with cancer. Dosing and serum measurement information will be discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / prevention & control
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening
  • Neoplasms / complications*
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Nutritional Status
  • Oncology Nursing
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Vitamin D / physiology
  • Vitamin D / therapeutic use*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / complications
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / diagnosis
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / epidemiology
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / prevention & control*
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control


  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Vitamin D