Vitamin D deficiency in children and its management: review of current knowledge and recommendations

Pediatrics. 2008 Aug;122(2):398-417. doi: 10.1542/peds.2007-1894.


Given the recent spate of reports of vitamin D deficiency, there is a need to reexamine our understanding of natural and other sources of vitamin D, as well as mechanisms whereby vitamin D synthesis and intake can be optimized. This state-of-the-art report from the Drug and Therapeutics Committee of the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society was aimed to perform this task and also reviews recommendations for sun exposure and vitamin D intake and possible caveats associated with these recommendations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Bone Density / physiology
  • Bone and Bones / diagnostic imaging
  • Bone and Bones / drug effects
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Planning Guidelines
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Radiography
  • Rickets / diagnosis*
  • Rickets / drug therapy*
  • Rickets / epidemiology
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Distribution
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / diagnosis*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / drug therapy*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / epidemiology


  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Vitamin D