Wide viewing angle dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators

Opt Express. 2008 Aug 4;16(16):12372-86. doi: 10.1364/oe.16.012372.

Abstract

A novel design of dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators (SLMs) is proposed. In general, it is difficult to simultaneously achieve a wide viewing angle and an available width for the digital holographic display. Moreover, the wide viewing angle of a display system needs a large optical numerical aperture where the paraxial approximation fails, and thus an extremely large planar SLM is necessary in using previous methods. To solve this problem, our proposed display system is composed of a curved array of SLMs to obtain a large number of data points and reduce the spatial bandwidth in SLMs. In the curved array of SLMs, each SLM is individually transformed to display local angular spectra of object wave, which is based on a fundamental idea of holographic stereogram. To embody the dynamic holographic stereogram with SLMs, each SLM is effectively reformed for simplifying the optical structure and reducing the light power loss. In detail, spatially modulated wave is optically divided and transformed, as if each SLM were composed of three sub-SLMs. This design improves the scalability in viewing angle of holographic display and the loss of light power is significantly reduced. With this method, we can achieve the digital holographic display with 22.8 degrees viewing angle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Computer-Aided Design*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Holography / instrumentation*
  • Image Enhancement / instrumentation*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / instrumentation*
  • Lighting / instrumentation*
  • Models, Theoretical*