Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1) exists in two isoforms: a membrane-bound isoform (mVEGFR-1) and a soluble one (sVEGFR-1). mVEGFR-1 is involved in endothelial cell migration and survival supported by VEGF-A and placenta growth factor (PlGF), whereas the biologic function of sVEGFR-1 has not been fully elucidated. We previously reported that sVEGFR-1 induces endothelial cell motility and promotes endothelial cell adhesion. In this study, we tested a set of VEGFR-1-derived peptides for their ability to interfere with endothelial cell migration. Peptide B3 was found to specifically inhibit cell migration induced by sVEGFR-1 and by mVEGFR-1-specific ligands. Moreover, peptide B3 markedly hampered angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo and was found to interfere with VEGFR-1 homodimerisation. Altogether, these data demonstrate that peptide B3 might be a useful tool for the specific inhibition of VEGFR-1 function and might represent a basis for the development of new anti-angiogenic compounds.