Intent to receive an HPV vaccine among university men and women and implications for vaccine administration

J Am Coll Health. Jul-Aug 2008;57(1):23-32. doi: 10.3200/JACH.57.1.23-32.

Abstract

Objective and participants: In 2006, the authors examined intention to receive an HPV vaccine among 340 college students.

Methods: A total of 138 men and 202 women completed questionnaires. The authors measured intention by asking participants how likely they would be to accept an HPV vaccine that prevented against (1) all HPV, (2) cervical cancer but not genital warts, (3) genital warts but not cervical cancer, and (4) both genital warts and cervical cancer.

Results: Men and women reported high intent to receive an HPV vaccine, although women did so at a significantly higher rate (77.5% vs 88.6%, respectively; p < .01). Men were less willing to receive a vaccine that prevents cervical cancer alone than they were to receive one that prevents cervical cancer and genital warts (34.1% vs 77.5%, p < .001). Intent to receive the vaccine was significantly greater among participants who reported more than 5 sex partners and correctly answered 2 or 3 HPV knowledge questions.

Conclusions: Interest varied according to sexual history, according to knowledge about HPV, and (in men) according to vaccine target.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Intention*
  • Male
  • New England
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines / therapeutic use*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Student Health Services
  • Students / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities

Substances

  • Papillomavirus Vaccines