A phase II study evaluating the use of concurrent mitomycin C and capecitabine in patients with advanced unresectable pseudomyxoma peritonei

Br J Cancer. 2008 Aug 19;99(4):591-6. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604522.

Abstract

Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare neoplastic process characterised by progressive intra-abdominal dissemination of mucinous tumour, and generally considered resistant to systemic chemotherapy. A phase II study in patients with advanced unresectable PMP was undertaken to evaluate the combination of systemic concurrent mitomycin C (7 mg m(-2) i.v. on day 1) and capecitabine (1250 mg m(-2) b.d. on days 1-14) in a 3-weekly cycle (MCap). Response was determined by semiquantitative assessment of disease volume on serial computed tomographic (CT) scans and serum tumour marker (CEA, CA125, CA19-9) changes at 12 weeks. Between 2003 and 2006, 40 patients were recruited through a national centre for the treatment of peritoneal surface tumours. At baseline, 23 patients had progressive disease and 17 had stable disease. Of 39 assessable patients, 15 (38%, 95% confidence intervals (CIs): 25, 54%) benefited from chemotherapy in the form of either reductions in mucinous deposition or stabilisation of progressive pretreatment disease determined on CT scan. Notably, two patients, originally considered unresectable, following MCap and re-staging underwent potentially curative cytoreductive surgery. Grade 3/4 toxicity rates were low (6%, 95% CIs: 4, 9%). Twenty out of 29 assessed patients (69%, 95% CIs: 51, 83%) felt that their Global Health Status improved during chemotherapy. This is the first trial to demonstrate an apparent benefit of systemic chemotherapy in patients with advanced unresectable PMP.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy*
  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary
  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • CA-125 Antigen / metabolism
  • CA-19-9 Antigen / metabolism
  • Capecitabine
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / metabolism
  • Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage
  • Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives
  • Female
  • Fluorouracil / administration & dosage
  • Fluorouracil / analogs & derivatives
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / drug therapy*
  • Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology
  • Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / surgery
  • Quality of Life
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • CA-125 Antigen
  • CA-19-9 Antigen
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • Deoxycytidine
  • Mitomycin
  • Capecitabine
  • Fluorouracil