Deep brain stimulation devices: a brief technical history and review

Artif Organs. 2009 Mar;33(3):208-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1594.2008.00620.x. Epub 2008 Jul 31.

Abstract

Deep brain stimulation (DBS)--a broadly accepted therapeutic modality with tens of thousands of patients currently implanted--is the application of implantable electrical stimulation devices to treat neurological disorders. Approved indications include involuntary movement disorders; investigational applications include epilepsy, selected psychiatric disorders, and other conditions. DBS differs fundamentally from functional electrical stimulation and sensory prosthetics in that DBS therapies do not substitute for or replace injured tissues, organs, or body functions. DBS--targeted to particular brain nuclei or pathways that are specific for the disorder under treatment--influences brain function and behavioral output in ways that can relieve symptoms and improve the overall functioning of the patient. We will briefly review the history and present status of DBS from a technical and device-oriented perspective, with an eye toward future advances.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Deep Brain Stimulation / history
  • Deep Brain Stimulation / instrumentation*
  • Deep Brain Stimulation / trends
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy*