Influence of intention and self-efficacy levels on duration of breastfeeding for midwest rural mothers

Appl Nurs Res. 2008 Aug;21(3):123-30. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2006.10.005.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of two modifiable factors (intention to breastfeed for 6 months and breastfeeding self-efficacy) with the duration of breastfeeding in primiparous women.

Findings: Analyzed by logistic regression in a single prediction model, stronger intention (odds ratio = 1.89) and higher levels of self-efficacy at 2 weeks postpartum (odds ratio = 1.04) were significantly (p < .05) associated with an increased probability of breastfeeding for 6 months.

Conclusions: The combined influence of higher intention and self-efficacy increased the likelihood of breastfeeding for the recommended 6 months. Interventions to reinforce both should be designed and evaluated.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Feeding / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Intention*
  • Logistic Models
  • Midwestern United States
  • Mothers / psychology
  • Rural Population
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Time Factors