Objectives: We aimed to investigate germline mutation in another extended von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) family in Kuwait with Arabian and Persian genetic admixture.
Materials and method: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and direct sequencing of the PCR amplicons, that showed clear band shift, were used to screen the VHL gene in the index patient, 20 members of her family and 55 healthy controls of matching ethnicity.
Result: The clinical history of all patients revealed multiple hemangioblastomas in various organs without pheochromocytomas. SSCP showed a clear band shift in 2 PCR amplicons, which were then sequenced. One was in the promoter region revealing a polymorphic site (A-123G) found as heterozygous in 40% of the healthy control subjects of the same ethnicity. The second band shift was in exon 2 seen in all clinically diagnosed VHL cases but not in the healthy members of the family or the screened healthy population. Direct sequencing revealed it was a heterozygous missense mutation G564T (Trp117Cys). Tracking the mutation in the family pedigree showed its origin from the Persian side.
Conclusion: This is a second missense G564T mutation in another VHL patient from Kuwait that will help expand our knowledge of the VHL gene mutation spectrum in this region of the world.
(c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.