Specific lentiviral shRNA-mediated knockdown of cyclin D1 in mantle cell lymphoma has minimal effects on cell survival and reveals a regulatory circuit with cyclin D2

Leukemia. 2008 Nov;22(11):2097-105. doi: 10.1038/leu.2008.213. Epub 2008 Aug 7.


Cyclin D1 overexpression is the hallmark of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). However, the importance of cyclin D1 in the maintenance and progression of the disease remains to be defined. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of cyclin D1 overexpression using an efficient cyclin D1-shRNA and a lentiviral system in well-characterized MCL cell lines. Surprisingly, the knockdown of cyclin D1 led to a moderate retardation in growth, without induction of apoptosis. The cyclin D1-shRNA-transduced MCL cells showed a 15% shift from S phase to G(1) phase of the cell cycle, a weak induction of p27(Kip1), decreased Rb (Ser807/811) phosphorylation, and a consistent upregulation of cyclin D2 mRNA and protein expression. However, double knockdown of cyclins D1 and D2 did not intensify the effects observed with cyclin D1 knockdown alone. These data suggest that the moderate effects of cyclin D1 downregulation on survival and proliferation are likely the result of compensatory cyclin-independent mechanisms governing proliferation or alternatively, secondary genetic events that make cyclin D1 dispensable. These findings have important implications for MCL therapy, as strategies targeting only cyclin D1 function might be hampered by compensatory regulatory mechanisms, resulting in a low probability of treatment response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cyclin D1 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Cyclin D1 / genetics
  • Cyclin D1 / metabolism
  • Cyclin D2
  • Cyclin D3
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 / metabolism
  • Cyclins / genetics
  • Cyclins / metabolism*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Lentivirus / genetics*
  • Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / genetics
  • Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / metabolism*
  • Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / pathology
  • RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • CCND1 protein, human
  • CCND2 protein, human
  • CCND3 protein, human
  • Cyclin D2
  • Cyclin D3
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Cyclin D1
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27