An antimetastatic role for decorin in breast cancer

Am J Pathol. 2008 Sep;173(3):844-55. doi: 10.2353/ajpath.2008.080275. Epub 2008 Aug 7.


Decorin, a member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan gene family, down-regulates members of the ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase family and attenuates their signaling, leading to growth inhibition. We investigated the effects of decorin on the growth of ErbB2-overexpressing mammary carcinoma cells in comparison with AG879, an established ErbB2 kinase inhibitor. Cell proliferation and anchorage-independent growth assays showed that decorin was a potent inhibitor of breast cancer cell growth and a pro-apoptotic agent. When decorin and AG879 were used in combination, the inhibitory effect was synergistic in proliferation assays but only additive in both colony formation and apoptosis assays. Active recombinant human decorin protein core, AG879, or a combination of both was administered systemically to mice bearing orthotopic mammary carcinoma xenografts. Primary tumor growth and metabolism were reduced by approximately 50% by both decorin and AG879. However, no synergism was observed in vivo. Decorin specifically targeted the tumor cells and caused a significant reduction of ErbB2 levels in the tumor xenografts. Most importantly, systemic delivery of decorin prevented metastatic spreading to the lungs, as detected by novel species-specific DNA detection and quantitative assays. In contrast, AG879 failed to have any effect. Our data support a role for decorin as a powerful and effective therapeutic agent against breast cancer due to its inhibition of both primary tumor growth and metastatic spreading.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy*
  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Decorin
  • Drug Synergism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Glycoproteins / drug effects
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary
  • Mice
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Proteoglycans / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Receptor, ErbB-2


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • DCN protein, human
  • Dcn protein, mouse
  • Dcn protein, rat
  • Decorin
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Glycoproteins
  • Proteoglycans
  • Erbb2 protein, rat
  • Receptor, ErbB-2