Prevalence of sarcopenia estimated using a bioelectrical impedance analysis prediction equation in community-dwelling elderly people in Taiwan

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Sep;56(9):1710-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01854.x. Epub 2008 Aug 6.


Objectives: To compare a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) prediction equation for estimating skeletal muscle mass (SM) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-measured SM and to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in community-dwelling elderly people in Taiwan.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Communities in the district of Zhongzheng, Taipei.

Participants: Forty-one volunteers (aged 22-90) for BIA equation validation; 302 individuals aged 65 and older and 200 adults aged 18 to 40 for the investigation of the prevalence of sarcopenia.

Measurements: Skeletal muscle mass was estimated using a BIA prediction equation and measured using MRI.

Results: No statistical difference between MRI-measured and BIA-derived SM was observed (difference of -0.44 +/- 1.55 kg, P=.08). The prevalence of sarcopenia in was 18.6% in elderly women and 23.6% in elderly men.

Conclusion: Estimation of SM using a BIA equation was validated in Taiwanese volunteers. It was confirmed that sarcopenia is an emerging health problem in the aging population in Taiwan.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Composition*
  • Body Height
  • Body Mass Index
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Electric Impedance*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Mathematical Computing
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
  • Muscular Atrophy / diagnosis
  • Muscular Atrophy / epidemiology*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Software
  • Taiwan
  • Young Adult