Quality indicators for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease in primary care in nine European countries

Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2008 Oct;15(5):509-15. doi: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e328302f44d.


Background: With free movement of labour in Europe, European guidelines on cardiovascular care and the enlargement of the European Union to include countries with disparate health care systems, it is important to develop common quality standards for cardiovascular prevention and risk management across Europe.

Methods: Panels from nine European countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, United Kingdom and Switzerland) developed quality indicators for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease in primary care. A two-stage modified Delphi process was used to identify indicators that were judged valid for necessary care.

Results: Forty-four out of 202 indicators (22%) were rated as valid. These focused predominantly on secondary prevention and management of established cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Less agreement on indicators of preventive care or on indicators for the management of hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia in patients without established disease was observed. Although 85% of the 202 potential indicators assessed were rated valid by at least one panel, lack of consensus among panels meant that the set that could be agreed upon among all panels was much smaller.

Conclusion: Indicators for the management of established cardiovascular disease have been developed, which can be used to measure the quality of cardiovascular care across a wide range of countries. Less agreement on how the quality of preventive care should be assessed was observed, probably caused by differences in health systems, culture and attitudes to prevention.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiology / organization & administration
  • Cardiology / standards*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy*
  • Delphi Technique
  • Europe
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Preventive Health Services / organization & administration
  • Preventive Health Services / standards*
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration
  • Primary Health Care / standards*
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / organization & administration
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / standards*
  • Quality Indicators, Health Care / organization & administration
  • Quality Indicators, Health Care / standards*
  • Reproducibility of Results