To better understand the mechanisms underlying the role of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene (IgH) 3' enhancers on bcl-2 transcriptional deregulation in t(14;18) lymphoma, we characterized the physical interactions of the IgH 3' enhancer region with the bcl-2 promoters. Using the chromosome conformation capture technique, we found that the IgH 3' enhancers physically interact with the bcl-2 promoter region over a 350 kb genomic region in t(14;18) lymphoma cells. No interactions of the bcl-2 promoter region with sequences distant to the IgH enhancers were observed. The physical interactions of the IgH enhancers with the bcl-2 5' region are functionally involved in the transcriptional control of bcl-2. The histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A, repressed bcl-2 transcription and decreased the IgH enhancer-bcl-2 promoter region interactions. We showed by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay and small interference RNA transfection studies that the POU2 family transcription factor Oct-2 and its cofactor Bob-1 have an important function in mediating the IgH enhancer-bcl-2 promoter region interactions. This study reveals a new aspect of the regulatory role of the IgH 3' enhancers on bcl-2 transcription in t(14;18) lymphomas.