Virtual reality simulation in endovascular surgical training

Surgeon. 2008 Aug;6(4):214-20. doi: 10.1016/s1479-666x(08)80031-5.


Background: Shortened trainingtimes duetothe European Working Time Directive (EWTD) and increased public scrutiny of surgical competency have led to a move away from the traditional apprenticeship model of training. Virtual reality (VR) simulation is a fascinating innovation allowing surgeons to develop without the need to practice on real patients and it may be a solution to achieve competency within a shortened training period.

Method: A Medline search was performed to identify studies and commentaries on the use of VR simulators in endovascular training.

Findings: Three studies on carotid stenting and four on peripheral vascular angioplasty demonstrate that simulator training is a valid, feasible and acceptable training tool. One randomised study reports that these skills learned on simulators are transferable to the operating room.

Conclusion: VR simulators have a role in competency based, structured training of vascular interventionalists and should improve patient safety.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Education, Medical, Continuing / methods*
  • Endoscopy / education*
  • Humans
  • User-Computer Interface*
  • Vascular Diseases / surgery*
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / education*