Sutureless Combined 25-gauge Vitrectomy, Phacoemulsification, and Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens Implantation for Management of Uveitic Cataract Associated With Posterior Segment Disease

Retina. Jul-Aug 2008;28(7):941-6. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31816ed5c7.

Abstract

Purpose: To report visual outcomes and complication rates associated with one-stage surgery for the management of uveitic cataract associated with posterior segment disease.

Methods: In this interventional case series, 19 eyes (19 patients) with posterior segment involvement due to chronic uveitis underwent sutureless scleral tunnel incision phacoemulsification combined with total vitrectomy using 25-gauge instruments and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation. Membrane peeling and endolaser photocoagulation were performed when indicated. Outcome measures were visual acuity, inflammatory activity, macular edema, and complications of surgery.

Results: After a minimum 12-month follow-up, visual acuity was >or=20/100 in 12 eyes (63.2%); 6 eyes (31.6%) had visual acuity of >or=20/40. A decrease in postoperative inflammatory activity of 1 grade was observed in 8 eyes (42.1%). Sixteen eyes had cystoid macular edema before surgery; and 12 eyes had cystoid macular edema after surgery. Early postoperative complications included the following: transient corneal edema, 10 eyes (50.3%); fibrin reaction, 3 eyes (15.8%), and posterior synechiae, 9 eyes (47.3%). Glaucoma was the most common late postoperative complication (3 eyes [18.8%]). Nine eyes (47.4%) needed YAG laser capsulotomy during the first year.

Conclusion: Sutureless combined 25-gauge total vitrectomy, phacoemulsification, and PC-IOL implantation may be well tolerated with an acceptable complication rate for selected uveitic eyes with significant cataract and coexisting posterior segment disease for restoring useful vision.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cataract / complications
  • Cataract / therapy*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Laser Coagulation
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / methods*
  • Male
  • Microsurgery / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Phacoemulsification / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Suture Techniques
  • Uveitis / complications
  • Uveitis / surgery*
  • Vision Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitrectomy / methods*