Port exteriorization appendectomy: is it the future?

Nepal Med Coll J. 2008 Mar;10(1):30-4.

Abstract

The time honoured surgical procedure open appendectomy seems to be on the decline, it may be replaced in the modern era by laparoscopic appendectomy ("in appendectomy") performed with three trocars, or by the port exteriorization appendectomy ("out appendectomy") which can be done with two ports or even one. These techniques combine the benefits of decreased tissue trauma and operative time in addition to other advantages of minimal invasion. We conducted this study to know the effectiveness of Port Exteriorization Appendectomy, to analyze its complications and to assess the conversion rate. A one year prospective study consisted of fifty cases; a combination of emergency and elective group. They were operated under general anaesthesia and different variables were documented. Mean operative time, conversion rate, hospital stay, complications and patient satisfaction. There were 27 females with the (F: M) ratio of 1.17:1. The operative time of 23.3 mins, conversion in 4 (8.0%) patients and 2.4 days of hospital stay contributed to 86.0% operative success rate. Surgical site infection was seen in 5 (10.0%) patients and one (2.0%) developed pelvic abscess. On analysis of the satisfaction level, 44(93.6%) were completely satisfied and one (2.1%) patient seemed disappointed with the technique for cosmesis though, 42 (89.3%) remained completely satisfied and 5(10.7%) didn't like their scars. Port exteriorization appendectomy's efficacy can be verified by 86.0% success rate, operative time of 23.3 mins, indoor stay of 2.4 days, and minimal undesirable sequlae. However, more authentic results could be obtained if this technique is compared to open or laparoscopic appendectomy in a well designed randomized controlled clinical trial.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Appendectomy* / methods
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction