The interaction between an acidic transcriptional activator and its inhibitor. The molecular basis of Gal4p recognition by Gal80p

J Biol Chem. 2008 Oct 31;283(44):30266-72. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M805200200. Epub 2008 Aug 13.


The GAL genes, which encode the enzymes required for normal galactose metabolism in yeast, are transcriptionally regulated by three proteins: Gal4p, an activator; Gal80p, an inhibitor; and Gal3p, a galactose sensor. These proteins control the switch between inert and active gene expression. The transcriptional activation function of Gal4p is rendered inactive in the presence of Gal80p. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of a complex between the acidic activation domain of Gal4p and Gal80p. The transactivation domain initiates with an extended region of polypeptide chain followed by two turns of an amphipathic alpha-helix. It fits into and across a deep cleft within the Gal80p dimer with the protein-protein interface defined primarily by hydrophobic interactions. A disordered loop in the apo-Gal80p structure (Asp-309 to Ser-316) becomes well-defined upon binding of the transactivation domain. This investigation provides a new molecular scaffold for understanding previous biochemical and genetic studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Kluyveromyces / metabolism*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Repressor Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcriptional Activation*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / chemistry


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • GAL4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • GAL80 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53

Associated data

  • PDB/3E1K