Examining the dynamics of the implicit and the explicit self-concept in social anxiety: changes in the Implicit Association Test-Anxiety and the Social Phobia Anxiety Inventory following treatment

J Pers Assess. 2008 Sep;90(5):476-80. doi: 10.1080/00223890802248786.


In this study, we analyzed changes in the strength of self-anxiety associations--as measured by the Implicit Association Test-Anxiety (IAT-Anxiety; Egloff & Schmukle, 2002) and the Social Phobia Anxiety Inventory (SPAI; Turner, Beidel, Dancu, & Stanley, 1989)--following treatment of social anxiety. We assessed socially anxious participants (N = 24) prior to and following a group-based treatment; and we assessed healthy controls (N = 24) at matched time points. Results showed (a) higher implicit and explicit anxiety in socially anxious participants (as compared to controls) prior to treatment and (b) reductions in IAT-Anxiety and SPAI scores of socially anxious participants following treatment. We discuss implications of these results for clinical applications of the IAT.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personality Inventory*
  • Phobic Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Phobic Disorders* / psychology
  • Phobic Disorders* / therapy
  • Psychotherapy, Group
  • Self Concept*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome