Fluorophore labeling enables imaging and evaluation of specific CXCR4-ligand interaction at the cell membrane for fluorescence-based screening

Bioconjug Chem. 2008 Sep;19(9):1917-20. doi: 10.1021/bc800216p. Epub 2008 Aug 16.


Development of CXCR4-specific ligands is an important issue in chemotherapy of HIV infection, cancer metastasis, and rheumatoid arthritis, and numerous potential ligands have been developed to date. However, it is difficult to assess their binding mode and specificity because of uncertainties in the structure of the CXCR4-ligand complexes. To address this problem, we have synthesized fluorophore labeled Ac-TZ14011, which is derived from T140, a powerful CXCR4 antagonist. Binding of Ac-TZ14011 to CXCR4 on the cell membrane was observed by fluorescence microscope, and analysis of the binding data produced IC 50 values of several ligands comparable to those obtained in RI-based assays. This fluorescence-based assay is applicable to explore new pharmacophores of CXCR4-specific ligands with high-throughput screening and also to screening of the other GPCR binding ligands.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Biosensing Techniques / methods*
  • Cell Membrane / chemistry
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Dyes / chemical synthesis*
  • Ligands
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Oligopeptides / chemistry*
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / chemistry
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / metabolism*
  • Staining and Labeling


  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Ligands
  • Oligopeptides
  • Receptors, CXCR4
  • T140 peptide