Tools and strategies for the reduction of inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator shocks

Europace. 2008 Nov;10(11):1256-65. doi: 10.1093/europace/eun205. Epub 2008 Aug 15.


Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been shown to provide a survival benefit in patients at high risk of sudden cardiac death. A major problem associated with ICD therapy is the occurrence of inappropriate shocks which impair patients' quality of life and may also be arrhythmogenic. Despite recent technological advances, the incidence of inappropriate shocks remains high, thus posing a challenge that we have to meet. In the present review we summarise the available tools and the strategies that can be followed in order to reduce inappropriate ICD shocks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / etiology*
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / prevention & control*
  • Defibrillators, Implantable / adverse effects*
  • Equipment Failure Analysis / methods*
  • Equipment Failure*
  • Humans