D1-protein dynamics in photosystem II: the lingering enigma

Photosynth Res. Oct-Dec 2008;98(1-3):609-20. doi: 10.1007/s11120-008-9342-x. Epub 2008 Aug 16.


The D1/D2 heterodimer core is the heart of the photosystem II reaction center. A characteristic feature of this heterodimer is the differentially rapid, light-dependent degradation of the D1 protein. The D1 protein is possibly the most researched photosynthetic polypeptide, with aspects of structure-function, gene, messenger and protein regulation, electron transport, reactive oxygen species, photoinhibition, herbicide binding, stromal-granal translocations, reversible phosphorylation, and specific proteases, all under intensive investigation more than three decades after the protein's debut in the literature. This review will touch on some treaded areas of D1 research that have, so far, defied clear resolution, as well as cutting edge research on mechanisms and consequences of D1 protein degradation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Peptide Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Photons
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex / metabolism*
  • Singlet Oxygen / metabolism*


  • Photosystem II Protein Complex
  • Singlet Oxygen
  • Peptide Hydrolases