Steroids from the roots of Asparagus officinalis and their cytotoxic activity

J Integr Plant Biol. 2008 Jun;50(6):717-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00651.x.


One new (Sarsasapogenin O) and seven known steroids were isolated from the roots of Asparagus officinalis L. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including various 2D-NMR techniques, hydrolysis, and by comparison of spectral data of known compounds. These compounds together with nine steroids which were previously isolated from this plant, were tested for cytotoxic activity. Among them, eight compounds displayed significant cytotoxicities against human A2780, HO-8910, Eca-109, MGC-803, CNE, LTEP-a-2, KB and mouse L1210 tumor cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / chemistry
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / isolation & purification
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / pharmacology
  • Asparagus Plant / chemistry*
  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Humans
  • Inhibitory Concentration 50
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Mice
  • Plant Roots / chemistry*
  • Spirostans / chemistry
  • Spirostans / isolation & purification
  • Spirostans / pharmacology
  • Steroids / chemistry
  • Steroids / isolation & purification*
  • Steroids / pharmacology*


  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Spirostans
  • Steroids
  • sarsasapogenin