Release kinetics of intact and degraded troponin I and T after irreversible cell damage

Exp Mol Pathol. 2008 Oct;85(2):90-5. doi: 10.1016/j.yexmp.2008.07.002. Epub 2008 Aug 5.


Purpose: We characterized the release kinetics of cardiac troponin I and T in relation to lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from cardiomyocytes before and after the transition from reversible to irreversible cell damage.

Methods: Cardiomyocytes were exposed to mild metabolic inhibition (1 mmol/L sodium azide) to induce a necrotic cell death process that is characterized by a reversible (0-12 h) and irreversible phase (12-30 h). At various time intervals cells and media were collected and analyzed for LDH activity, intact cTnI and cTnT, and their degradation products.

Results: During the first 12 h of metabolic inhibition, cell viability was unchanged with no release of intact cTnI and cTnT nor their degradation products. Between 12 and 30 h of azide treatment, cardiomyocytes showed progressive cell death accompanied by release of intact cTnI (29 kDa), intact cTnT (39 kDa), four cTnI degradation products of 26, 20, 17 and 12 kDa, and three cTnT degradation products of 37, 27 and 14 kDa. Possibly due to degradation, there is progressive loss of cTnI and cTnT protein that is obviously undetected by the antibodies used.

Conclusions: Metabolic inhibition of cardiomyocytes induces a parallel release of intact cTnI and cTnT and their degradation products, starting only after onset of irreversible cardiomyocyte damage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Culture Media / analysis
  • Culture Media, Serum-Free / analysis
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / toxicity
  • Heart Ventricles / cytology
  • Immunoassay
  • Kinetics
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / analysis
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / drug effects
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism*
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / pathology*
  • Necrosis / chemically induced
  • Necrosis / pathology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sodium Azide / toxicity
  • Troponin I / analysis
  • Troponin I / metabolism*
  • Troponin T / analysis
  • Troponin T / metabolism*


  • Culture Media
  • Culture Media, Serum-Free
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Troponin I
  • Troponin T
  • Sodium Azide
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase