Pessin award lecture 2008: lessons from the Stroke PROTECT program

J Neurol Sci. 2008 Dec 15;275(1-2):1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2008.07.014. Epub 2008 Aug 22.


A large proportion of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack patients do not receive prompt and appropriate treatment with evidence-based, guideline-recommended, vascular risk reduction therapies when exposed to traditional care. Consequently, implementing effective strategies that can bolster the use of proven preventive therapies among persons with established cerebrovascular disease remains an important goal. The Stroke PROTECT (Preventing Recurrence Of Thromboembolic Events through Coordinated Treatment) program, which systematically implements 8 medication and behavioral secondary prevention measures, was significantly associated with increased treatment utilization at hospital discharge, as well as greater adherence, target biomarker control, and better clinical outcomes in the post-discharge setting. This award lecture paper presents the background, rationale, results, limitations and future directions of the original PROTECT program, depicts the progress and preliminary data from ongoing national and international PROTECT-based programs, and suggests potential next steps in the development and implementation of more empirically derived models geared at bridging the stroke prevention knowledge-evidence-practice chasm.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Patient Discharge
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Secondary Prevention*
  • Stroke / prevention & control*