Cysteine residues in polypeptides are not easily identified during automated N-terminal sequence analysis. Reaction of cysteine side chains with 4-vinylpyridine and identification as the pyridylethylated phenylthiohydantion derivative (PE-PTH-Cys) were proposed. However, after this reaction a desalting step is necessary. If limited sample amounts do not allow this desalting step, on-sequencer pyridylethylation is an alternative, although preview of the consecutive amino acid is usually observed in this case. We describe an on-sequencer procedure that avoids such preview formation by derivatizing the peptide with phenylisothiocyanate (PITC) prior to reaction with 4-vinylpyridine. The pyridylethylation is performed in the cartridge of the sequencer after immobilization of the protein or peptide on a polybrene-coated glass fiber filter and thiocarbamylation with PITC. Preview caused by N-alkylation is not observed and PE-PTH-Cys is detected in much higher yields than usual. The procedure reported here is significantly shortened, optimized to reduce side products, and avoids losses during sample handling. It can easily be adapted to any automated version of the sequencers.