Socio-cultural features and sex profile of the individuals with serious suicide attempts in southeastern Turkey: a one-year survey

Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2008 Aug;38(4):467-80. doi: 10.1521/suli.2008.38.4.467.


Our objective was to elucidate potential causes of higher rates of suicide attempts in females compared to males in southeastern Turkey through a 1-year survey. Gender-related differences observed in 96 subjects who attempted suicide by poisoning for the first time were as follows: in comparison to male, females were predominantly within the age interval of 15-24 years, experienced more stressful events in the previous week before suicide attempt, had lower education level, and had a lower rate of employment. One year after the suicide attempt, unfavorable attitude of family, lack of support, persisting unfavorable lifestyle comparable with that prior to the first attempt, and higher rates of domestic violence were more pronounced in females compared to males. These findings might be contributing factors to the higher suicide attempt rates observed in females compared to the males.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Domestic Violence / psychology
  • Domestic Violence / statistics & numerical data
  • Educational Status
  • Expressed Emotion
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Poisoning / epidemiology*
  • Poisoning / psychology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Support
  • Suicide, Attempted / psychology*
  • Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data*
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Unemployment / statistics & numerical data