Definition and prevalence of peri-implant diseases

J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Sep;35(8 Suppl):286-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01274.x.


Objectives: The aim of the current review was to describe the prevalence of peri-implant diseases including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

Material and methods: A MEDLINE search (PubMed) until December 2007 was conducted and different keywords related to the prevalence of peri-implant diseases were used. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies including > or =50 implant-treated subjects exhibiting a function time of > or =5 years were considered.

Results and conclusion: The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on the prevalence of peri-implant diseases. Cross-sectional studies on implant-treated subjects are rare and data from only two study samples were available. Peri-implant mucositis occurred in approximately 80% of the subjects and in 50% of the implants. Peri-implantitis was found in 28% and > or =56% of subjects and in 12% and 43% of implant sites.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dental Implants*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Gingivitis / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Periodontitis / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence


  • Dental Implants