Long-term results after operatively treated Achilles tendon rupture: fibrin glue versus suture

J Foot Ankle Surg. Sep-Oct 2008;47(5):392-9. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2008.05.006. Epub 2008 Jul 14.

Abstract

The use of fibrin glue for repairing Achilles tendon ruptures was introduced in the 1980s. Although fibrin glue has been in regular use since that time, suturing remains the standard for surgical repair. Studies have indicated that, in the short term, fibrin glue is as effective as suturing. To date, there have been no long-term studies comparing the outcomes of these 2 techniques. This study compares the long-term results of surgical repair of Achilles tendon rupture with sutures versus fibrin glue. Forty-two patients who had undergone Achilles tendon repair with either suture or fibrin glue took part in a follow-up examination after an average of 12.1 years. The fibrin group consisted of 31 patients and the suture group consisted of 11 patients. Patients treated with fibrin glue reached a higher modified Thermann score (adapted from Weber), achieved equal results in an isokinetic force measurement, and showed fewer complications. The authors concluded that the use of fibrin glue for the repair of ruptured Achilles tendon is a suitable alternative to traditional sutures.

Level of clinical evidence: 2.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon / injuries*
  • Achilles Tendon / physiopathology
  • Achilles Tendon / surgery*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ankle Joint / physiology
  • Ankle Joint / surgery
  • Female
  • Fibrin Tissue Adhesive / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Recovery of Function / physiology
  • Rupture / physiopathology
  • Rupture / surgery
  • Sutures*
  • Tissue Adhesives / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
  • Tissue Adhesives