Age- and sex-dependent expression of multiple murine hepatic hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (SULT2A) genes

Biochem Pharmacol. 2008 Oct 15;76(8):1036-46. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2008.07.032. Epub 2008 Aug 5.


Hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (SULT2A) enzymes play important roles in hepatic steroid and xenobiotic metabolism. Unlike humans, which express one SULT2A, inspection of mouse genome information indicated the presence of seven SULT2A genes within a cluster on chromosome 7. The age- and sex-dependent expressions of the seven murine SULT2A family members were characterized in the livers of C57BL/6 mice using real-time RT-PCR. The transcripts for three of the SULT2A forms (NCBI reference/model sequences XM_001471624, NM_009286 and NM_001111296) were abundant in pre-pubertal male and female mouse liver but were essentially silenced in the livers of adult male mice. The mRNAs of three other SULT2A forms (NM_001101534, XM_894052 and NM_001081325) were also expressed in pre-pubertal male and female mouse liver, but at markedly reduced levels relative to those of the abundant forms. The mRNA levels of these lower-abundance forms were further suppressed in adult animals. A seventh SULT2A mRNA (XM_983034) was expressed in adult male and female mouse liver, but was not detected in pre-pubertal mouse liver of either sex. Full-length amplifications with primers targeting untranslated regions confirmed that all SULT2A forms were expressed. However, while the XM_001471624, NM_001111296, NM_001101534, XM_894052 and NM_001081325 transcripts were detected at their predicted sizes, the NM_009286 and XM_983034 transcripts each lacked two predicted exons. These results demonstrate that seven murine SULT2As display different profiles of age- and sex-dependent hepatic expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / physiology*
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sulfotransferases / genetics*


  • DNA Primers
  • Sulfotransferases
  • alcohol sulfotransferase