A new series of nonpeptide angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists has been prepared. These N-(biphenylyl-methyl)imidazoles, e.g. 2-butyl-1-[(2'-carboxybiphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-4-chloro-5- (hydroxymethyl)imidazole, differ from the previously reported N-(benzamidobenzyl)imidazoles and related compounds in that they produce a potent antihypertensive effect upon oral administration; the earlier series generally were active only when administered intravenously. It has been found that the acidic group at the 2'-position of the biphenyl is essential. Only ortho-substituted acids possess both high affinity for the AII receptor and good oral antihypertensive potency. The carboxylic acid group has been replaced with a variety of acidic isosteres, and the tetrazole ring has been found to be the most effective. The tetrazole derivative, DuP 753, is currently in development for the treatment of hypertension.