Effects of the monoamine uptake inhibitors RTI-112 and RTI-113 on cocaine- and food-maintained responding in rhesus monkeys

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Jan;91(3):333-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2008.08.002. Epub 2008 Aug 8.


Cocaine blocks uptake of the monoamines dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine, and monoamine uptake inhibitors constitute one class of drugs under consideration as candidate "agonist" medications for the treatment of cocaine abuse and dependence. The pharmacological selectivity of monoamine uptake inhibitors to block uptake of dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine is one factor that may influence the efficacy and/or safety of these compounds as drug abuse treatment medications. To address this issue, the present study compared the effects of 7-day treatment with a non-selective monoamine uptake inhibitor (RTI-112) and a dopamine-selective uptake inhibitor (RTI-113) on cocaine- and food-maintained responding in rhesus monkeys. Monkeys (N=3) were trained to respond for cocaine injections (0.01 mg/kg/inj) and food pellets under a second-order schedule [FR2(VR16:S)] during alternating daily components of cocaine and food availability. Both RTI-112 (0.0032-0.01 mg/kg/hr) and RTI-113 (0.01-0.056 mg/kg/h) produced dose-dependent, sustained and nearly complete elimination of cocaine self-administration. However, for both drugs, the potency to reduce cocaine self-administration was similar to the potency to reduce food-maintained responding. These findings do not support the hypothesis that pharmacological selectivity to block dopamine uptake is associated with behavioral selectivity to decrease cocaine- vs. food-maintained responding in rhesus monkeys.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cocaine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cocaine / pharmacology*
  • Conditioning, Operant / drug effects*
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Food*
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Reinforcement Schedule
  • Self Administration
  • Tropanes / pharmacology*


  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
  • RTI 112
  • RTI-113
  • Tropanes
  • Cocaine