Biochemical characterization of a mitochondrial-like organelle from Blastocystis sp. subtype 7

Microbiology (Reading). 2008 Sep;154(Pt 9):2757-2766. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.2008/017897-0.


A mitochondrion-like organelle (MLO) was isolated from isotonic homogenates of Blastocystis. The organelle sedimented at 5000 g for 10 min, and had an isopycnic density in sucrose of 1.2 g ml(-1). Biochemical characterization enabled the demonstration of several key enzymes that allowed the construction of a metabolic pathway consisting of an incomplete Krebs cycle linked to the oxygen-sensitive enzymes pyruvate : NADP(+) oxidoreductase (PNO), acetate : succinate CoA transferase (ASCT) and succinate thiokinase (STK), which cumulatively are responsible for recycling CoA and generating ATP. The organelle differs from typical aerobic mitochondria in possessing an oxygen-sensitive PNO that can use FAD(+) or FMN(+) as electron acceptor but is inactive with NAD(+), Spinacia oleracea ferredoxin or Clostridium pasteurianum ferredoxin. A gene with 77 % sequence similarity to the PNO mitochondrion precursor cluster from Euglena gracilis sp[Q941N5] was identified in the Blastocystis genome database. A second cluster with 56 % sequence similarity to the pyruvate : ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR) from Trichomonas vaginalis was also identified, which is in agreement with the concept that the PNO gene arose through the fusion of a eubacterial gene for PFOR with the gene for NADPH : cytochrome p450 reductase. Hydrogenase activity was not detected under the conditions used in this study. The Blastocystis oranelle therefore demonstrates significant biochemical differences from traditional mitochondria and hydrogenosomes, but possesses features of both. Based upon the results of this study, the Blastocystis organelle falls into the category of a MLO.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / biosynthesis
  • Animals
  • Blastocystis / enzymology*
  • Blastocystis / ultrastructure*
  • Citric Acid Cycle
  • Coenzyme A-Transferases / metabolism
  • Flavin Mononucleotide / metabolism
  • Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide / metabolism
  • Ketone Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / enzymology*
  • NAD / metabolism
  • Protozoan Proteins / metabolism
  • Succinate-CoA Ligases / metabolism


  • Protozoan Proteins
  • NAD
  • Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide
  • Flavin Mononucleotide
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Ketone Oxidoreductases
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
  • Coenzyme A-Transferases
  • acetate-succinate CoA-transferase
  • Succinate-CoA Ligases