Nuclear DISC1 regulates CRE-mediated gene transcription and sleep homeostasis in the fruit fly

Mol Psychiatry. 2008 Dec;13(12):1138-48, 1069. doi: 10.1038/mp.2008.101. Epub 2008 Sep 2.


Disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) is one of major susceptibility factors for a wide range of mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression and autism spectrum conditions. DISC1 is located in several subcellular domains, such as the centrosome and the nucleus, and interacts with various proteins, including NudE-like (NUDEL/NDEL1) and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4)/CREB2. Nevertheless, a role for DISC1 in vivo remains to be elucidated. Therefore, we have generated a Drosophila model for examining normal functions of DISC1 in living organisms. DISC1 transgenic flies with preferential accumulation of exogenous human DISC1 in the nucleus display disturbance in sleep homeostasis, which has been reportedly associated with CREB signaling/CRE-mediated gene transcription. Thus, in mammalian cells, we characterized nuclear DISC1, and identified a subset of nuclear DISC1 that colocalizes with the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies, a nuclear compartment for gene transcription. Furthermore, we identified three functional cis-elements that regulate the nuclear localization of DISC1. We also report that DISC1 interacts with ATF4/CREB2 and a corepressor N-CoR, modulating CRE-mediated gene transcription.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Brain / cytology
  • CREB-Binding Protein / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleus / genetics*
  • Drosophila
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins / genetics
  • HeLa Cells
  • Homeostasis / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation / methods
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / genetics
  • Sleep / genetics*
  • Sleep / physiology
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics*
  • Transfection / methods
  • Walking / physiology


  • DISC1 protein, human
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • CREB-Binding Protein