Giant duodenal ulcers

World J Gastroenterol. 2008 Aug 28;14(32):4995-9. doi: 10.3748/wjg.14.4995.


Giant duodenal ulcers (GDUs) are a subset of duodenal ulcers that have historically resulted in greater morbidity than usual duodenal ulcers. Until recently, few cases had been successfully treated with medical therapy. However, the widespread use of endoscopy, the introduction of H-2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors, and the improvement in surgical techniques all have revolutionized the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of this condition. Nevertheless, GDUs are still associated with high rates of morbidity, mortality and complications. Thus, surgical evaluation of a patient with a GDU should remain an integral part of patient care. These giant variants, while usually benign, can frequently harbor malignancy. A careful review of the literature highlights the important differences when comparing GDUs to classical peptic ulcers and why they must be thought of differently than their more common counterpart.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Duodenal Ulcer / classification
  • Duodenal Ulcer / pathology*
  • Duodenal Ulcer / therapy
  • Duodenum / pathology*
  • Endoscopy, Digestive System*
  • Humans